The growth in Vietnam is unquestionable.
- Poverty has sharply fallen in 25 years: 9.6% of the population lives below the poverty line in 2016 against 58% in 1993.
- Life expectancy, education level, and standard of living have improved: +12 places in the ranking of countries according to the Human Development Index (HDI) = 115th place out of 188 in 2018.
- 97 million people live in Vietnam: the population is expected to rise to 120 million inhabitants by 2050.
However, the country’s rapid development and the high population growth generate significant internal migrations. The country is experiencing a massive exodus of people from the countryside to big cities like Ho Chi Minh City, the country’s economic capital.
Those excluded from the benefits of development remain great in number.
Families that leave the countryside for the city encounter numerous obstacles to access health services, education, and housing. Regardless of the law of July 1st, 2007 which facilitates registration of residency, many migrants remain unregistered. They can not benefit from the governmental social policy or have access to school for their children.
About 20% of Vietnamese children still live under harsh conditions and the mortality rate remains high. A great number of children are victims or at risk of abuse, abandonment, exploitation, or malnutrition, especially those of migrant families.
Women victims of Violence
Patriarchal traditions and the population’s lack of awareness continue to fuel gender-based violence, a plague of the Vietnamese society. Social services lack competence in identifying and taking care of the victims.
In Ho Chi Minh City, hundreds of thousands of newcomers enter the labor market each year, notably young people without diplomas. It is difficult for them to find stable jobs. The offer of professional training is insufficient and does not meet the needs of young people and the expectations of companies.
 Report “Climbing the Ladder, Poverty reduction and shared prosperity in Vietnam” of the World Bank – 2018