Since the end of the civil war in 1991, Cambodia has experienced some form of political and economic stability. The country today benefits from one of the most dynamic economic growth in the world thanks to textile industry, construction and real estate, tourism and agriculture.
Despite tangible progress and a strong willingness of the government to catch up economically, much still needs to be done. In 2018, the country still ranks among the least developed countries according to the United Nations. Today, many children during the early child years, live with their grand-parents only in the villages, receiving few care and stimulation. They access late to the school and the majority of them do not complete primary school. In terms of health, it is also difficult for children and their families to access to good quality health care, notably in rural areas and for ethnic minorities.
This growth has also left many people behind an create new pockets of poverty. In cities, wealthy investors and businessmen, live alongside the poorest people, street sellers, scavengers or families living in slums in the outskirts of the city. In these districts, children live in very precarious conditions, all the more exposed to illnesses and violence. Finally, workers in factories, on construction sites or in the fields, have difficult working conditions, often not benefiting from any type of social protection, and struggle to access to healthcare services.